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Champion ability

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Abilities are what a champion uses on the Field of Justice. The unique nature of a champion's abilities set them apart from the other champions. A champion's abilities also determine the champion's role in his or her team, how the champion should be played, and what items, runes, and masteries should be gotten to maximize effectiveness. Summoner spells are not abilities.

Baron NashorSquare.png Baron Nashor and VilemawSquare.png Vilemaw are the only non-champions to utilize abilities, although the DragonSquare.png Dragon has a passive on-hit DoT called "Burning".

Archetypes

Every champion has at least five unique abilities. Four of these abilities are learned over the course of a battle using ability points, and the fifth is an Innate Ability. One ability point is granted to every champion at the start of a game, and another point is earned by each champion every time they level up. A champion can level up individual abilities by spending subsequent ability points in those abilities which they have already learned.

Basic Ability: All champions feature three basic abilities, which are available from level 1 to a maximum of five ranks. Basic abilities cannot be ranked higher than half the level of the champion (rounded up), meaning a new rank is available every odd single-digit level, and requiring level 9 to max any individual skill.

  • UdyrSquare.png Udyr has no ultimate ability, featuring only four basic abilities.

Innate Ability: A champion’s innate ability passively affects the champion for the entire match. Every champion has one, and these abilities cannot be improved with ability points gained on level-up.

  • SyndraSquare.png Syndra features an innate abilitiy with four independent effects. Prior to her minor kit rework in V3.9, ShyvanaSquare.png Shyvana also possessed a passive with four independent effects. This is no longer the case, however.
    • Prior to Shyvana's release, AkaliSquare.png Akali and VladimirSquare.png Vladimir held the record with two effects each.

Ultimate Ability: A champion's fourth and feature ability is their ultimate. Summoners cannot invest skill points into their ultimates until at least champion level 6 and cannot again until levels 11 and 16, to a maximum of three ranks.

  • JayceSquare.png Jayce, NidaleeSquare.png Nidalee NocturneSquare.png Nocturne, QuinnSquare.png Quinn, RivenSquare.png Riven,TwistedFateSquare.png Twisted Fate and XerathSquare.png Xerath each have two ultimate abilities.
    • Including their evolved forms, KhaZixSquare.png Kha'Zix and SyndraSquare.png Syndra also have two ultimate abilities.
  • EliseSquare.png Elise, JayceSquare.png Jayce, KarmaSquare.png Karma, and NidaleeSquare.png Nidalee are the only champions with access to their ultimate abilities at level one. Each may invest skill points into their ultimates at levels 6, 11 and 16, allowing it to reach rank 4.

JayceSquare.png Jayce, NidaleeSquare.png Nidalee and QuinnSquare.png Quinn, with two ultimates and six basic abilities each, hold the record for the most abilities on a single champion.

Ability types

  • Passive ability: These abilities are passive abilities that have persistent effects, and do not need to be activated per se. However, some passive abilities are unavailable under specific conditions, such as while the ability is on cooldown (BlitzcrankSquare.png Blitzcrank's Static Field.png Static Field) or upon taking damage (TeemoSquare.png Teemo's Move Quick.png Move Quick). The ability will be activated again as soon as the specific condition has passed, i.e. the ability is off cooldown, or no damage has been taken for a certain amount of time. These are often compared to innate abilities.

Attributes

Abilities have certain attributes that determine how they are used in game. These attributes include area, cooldown, cost, effect, and range.

  • Cooldown: All abilities have a cooldown, a length of time after the use of the ability in which the ability cannot be used again. Cooldown reduction reduces this time, to a maximum of 40% reduction of the ability's initial cooldown.
    • Some champions have abilities that refresh/reduce the cooldown period.
    • Some abilities have a secondary active function. The ability goes on cooldown after the secondary function has been triggered or the window for triggering it expires.
  • Cost: Most abilities, but not all, have a specific cost associated with them. Generally abilities cost mana, though some champions use health, energy, or other resource mechanics. When the ability is used, the champion loses the cost of the ability. If the champion has less than the cost of the ability, the ability cannot be used and its HUD icon changes color.
  • Range: The range of an ability determines how far away a target can be and still take the effect of the ability. This range generally does not appear on in-game tooltips, but placing one's cursor over the ability will display the range and targeting for that ability. Some abilities have Global range, meaning their range includes the entire map.
  • Targeting: All abilities which affect a unit other than the champion casting it are targeted in some way. If an ability has a specific target it will hit, it is referred to as targeted. Other forms of targeting are referred to by their type:
    • Area of Effect (AoE) abilities can affect more than one target in an area. The affected area is generally circular, but conic or linear areas are also possible. Certain abilities, such as DianaSquare.png Diana's Crescent Strike.png Crescent Strike and Aatrox's Blades of Torment, may have completely unique areas of effect.
    • Skillshots are projectile-based abilities, generally cast in a line away from the champions location, which only affect targets the projectile collides with.
    • Click-on abilities require a target and vision of it to cast. Most of these abilities are to either apply a buff or to use a strong projectile to assault the target. A simple click is all that is needed to start casting a Click-on at a target
  • Cast time: While most abilities have either an instant cast time or a slightly delayed instant cast of 0.5 seconds, there are several which prevent the caster from taking any other action while the ability is cast. Most of those, called channeled abilities, can be interrupted, either by the caster or by any form of Crowd Control (excluding Slows, Snares, and Blinds) applied by an enemy unit.

Effects

See Category:Advanced attributes#Abilities

Every ability has an effect. These effects vary widely, but can generally be broken down as follows:

  • Buffs: Increase the target's statistics while active. Passive and Toggle abilities are most likely to have this type of effect. Active abilities which give buffs have higher bonuses than Passives or Toggles due to their limited duration. Some champions have AoE buffs for nearby allies, referred to as auras.
  • Debuff - Negative status effect given to a champion, minion or monster that negatively impacts their combat performance in some way. Debuffs can reduce the target's statistics, cause damage over time or trigger status effects or damage (For example LeonaSquare.png Leona's Sunlight.png Sunlight would debuff an enemy champion and trigger if an allied champion would damage the target).
  • Crowd Control: This category includes all effects that reduce the fighting ability of enemy units. The page includes a table with notes on each.
  • Damage: Offensive abilities that deal damage. This damage can be either physical, magic, or true, and generally procs spell vamp, unless the description states it applies on-hit effects. Most damage-dealing abilities scale with a champion's attack damage, ability power, or both. Some abilities deal damage over time.
  • Damage Reduction: Reduces damage dealt to the target for the duration. This damage reduction does not apply to true damage and applies before reduction from armor or magic resistance.
  • Gold: Gives champions more gold than the base rate, either over time or on kill.
  • Healing: Heals a target. Healing generally scales with ability power. Support champions are most likely to have healing abilities, and are the only ones to have healing abilities which target a champion other than themselves. Several non-support champions have abilities that heal only themselves.
  • Immunity: Prevents certain types of crowd control from affecting the target, which is usually the champion using the ability.
  • Invulnerability: The target cannot be damaged for the duration. Currently only KayleSquare.png Kayle's Intervention.png Intervention provides a temporary invulnerability. Certain abilities also make units untargetable, such as FizzSquare.png Fizz's Playful.png Playful. See the page for more details.
  • Movement: Moves the champion or the champion's target from place to place. This can be a dash, a blink, or a teleport. Many of these abilities allow a champion to move through otherwise solid obstacles/terrain in a similar manner to the summoner spell Flash.png Flash.
  • Resurrection: Brings target back to life if reduced to below 0 health, though other conditions may apply.
  • Shield: Absorbs a certain amount of damage for the target, in place of losing health.
  • Stealth: Target becomes unseen and untargetable until revealed or duration expires. The page contains further information, including means of detecting stealthed champions.


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