Farming describes the act of killing waves of Minions Killed icon minions and monsters to gather gold and experience. Farming is an essential component of early-game laning, when players try to out-farm the enemy and advance their lane. Early game is the safest time players can farm to attain items and abilities that increase their power.

How to Farm

Gold is granted to the champion that deals the killing shot on any minion or monster. This is known as a 'last hit' and is considered one of the most important skills in League of Legends. Last Hitting will increase a champion's 'creep score' (CS) noted at the far right of champion stats in the tab stats, or top right corner for the player's champion. In the early and mid game, CS can be used as a gauge for comparing how well a player is doing against their respective lane opponent along with KDA. Many champions will use their autoattack (AA) to Last Hit, but several champions, especially AP champs, also have low cost executes or area burst to last hit. Melee minions can take two tower hits and be easy to AA for most ad champions. Caster minions are best to hit once before taking a single tower hit, then AA'ed again for the Last Hit.

Farming Under Turret

Farming Under Turret

How to farm under turret

Game Phases

Early Game

This is the main phase for farming. Many champions have abilities which aid farming, either by making it easier to land the killing hit (e.g. AnnieSquare Annie's Disintegrate Disintegrate), or by granting extra gold, such as GangplankSquare Gangplank's Parrrley Parrrley or Twisted FateSquare Twisted Fate's Loaded Dice Loaded Dice.

It is harder to get CS when your lane is pushed to your tower, since the turret's attacks are stronger than your own, causing it to kill many minions. On the other hand, you can push the lane to the opponent's tower, where they will lose CS. However, this is risky, as it opens the lane up to ganks.

Mid Game

When teamfights begin, gold will come from killing champions, lane minions, and clearing the jungle monster camps. When possible, lanes can still be farmed, though your absence can hurt your team in a teamfight.

Late Game

Now the game will mainly focus on teamfights, meaning that farming is secondary. Despite this, minion waves will slowly accumulate (usually in side lanes where teamfights are not taking place). These can provide large gold/experience boosts, though as stated before, your absence can potentially hurt your team.

Wave

A wave in Summoner's Rift consists from six to seven minions and has value of at least Gold 355.5. As the passive gold gain is 19 gold per 10 seconds this translates that being able to clear each minion in a wave generates roughly double the amount than simply standing around. As wave value slowly increases over time clearing out a merged wave can result in a significant burst of income.

Table Chart

Below there's an updated (Season 8) table chart for the perfect CS at given minutes up until an hour of gameplay. Times are for when the next wave spawns, (e.g. first wave spawns at 1:05, second wave at 1:35, meaning, up until 1:35, only 6 CS are possible). The table does not take super minions or jungle monsters into the calculations.

CS Chart
Minions Minutes:Seconds
6 1:35
12 2:05
19 2:35
25 3:05
31 3:35
38 4:05
44 4:35
50 5:05
57 5:35
63 6:05
69 6:35
76 7:05
82 7:35
88 8:05
95 8:35
101 9:05
107 9:35
114 10:05
120 10:35
126 11:05
133 11:35
139 12:05
145 12:35
152 13:05
158 13:35
164 14:05
171 14:35
177 15:05
183 15:35
190 16:05
196 16:35
202 17:05
209 17:35
215 18:05
221 18:35
228 19:05
234 19:35
240 20:05
247 20:35
253 21:05
260 21:35
266 22:05
273 22:35
279 23:05
286 23:35
292 24:05
299 24:35
305 25:05
312 25:35
318 26:05
325 26:35
331 27:05
338 27:35
344 28:05
351 28:35
357 29:05
364 29:35
370 30:05
377 30:35
383 31:05
390 31:35
396 32:05
403 32:35
409 33:05
416 33:35
422 34:05
429 34:35
435 35:05
442 35:35
449 36:05
456 36:35
463 37:05
470 37:35
477 38:05
484 38:35
491 39:05
498 39:35
505 40:05
512 40:35
519 41:05
526 41:35
533 42:05
540 42:35
547 43:05
554 43:35
561 44:05
568 44:35
575 45:05
582 45:35
589 46:05
596 46:35
603 47:05
610 47:35
617 48:05
624 48:35
631 49:05
638 49:35
645 50:05
652 50:35
659 51:05
666 51:35
673 52:05
680 52:35
687 53:05
694 53:35
701 54:05
708 54:35
715 55:05
722 55:35
729 56:05
736 56:35
743 57:05
750 57:35
757 58:05
764 58:35
771 59:05
778 59:35
785 60:05